MS on clay, Syria/Sumer/Highland Iran, ca. 3500-3200 BC, 1 tablet, 4,4x5,0x2,3 cm, 2 lines with 3 small circular depressions and 4 short wedges.
Bulla in clay, Syria/Sumer/Highland Iran, ca. 3700-3200 BC, 1 spherical bulla-envelope (complete), impressions of a row of men each carrying a sack on his head towards a large cauldron on a rounded stand; a line of tall ringstaffs and men; impression of large disk token or bottom of large cone.
MS on pink hard sandstone, New South Wales, Australia, ca. 20000-3000 BC, 1 cylindro-conical and cornute form cylcon flat base, 7 groups of 8-10 parallel lines in vertical rows converging at point, double lines of evenly spaced dashes below placed both transversal and longitudinal, 6 groups of 3+4+6 dashes, 6 groups of 6-9 parallel lines in vertical rows around base. .
The Mathematics Collection of around 380 manuscripts starts with the beginning of mathematics in the 27th c. BC, and ends with Einstein. Here, 24 examples - including counting tokens that preceded mathematics as a means of counting and accounting- are presented as an introduction to the origins of mathematics.