MS 1858/3
Text BIBLE: EXODUS 22:4 - 29
Description MS in Hebrew on vellum, Iraq or Iran, 10th c., 1 partial f., 34x37 cm, part of 3 columns (28x28 cm remaining, column width ca. 7 cm), 17 lines in a large Hebrew square book script with nikud and the small Masorah between the columns.
Binding England, 1922-1942, brown cloth.
Provenance 1. The Cairo Genizah, Fustât, Egypt (-ca. 1900); 2. David Solomon Sassoon's Library, Hertfordshire, MS.566 (1922-1942); 3. David Solomon Sassoon's trustees (1942-1994); 4. Sotheby's 21.6.1994:1.3 (5th Sassoon sale).
Commentary Contemporary with the earliest primary MSS of the Hebrew Bible in codex form, British Library's Pentateuch BL Or. 4445, the Damascus Pentateuch, the Aleppo Codex, all 10th c. Second to the caves of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the great Genizah in Cairo is the most significant and evocative source for any fragments of early Hebrew MSS. The Genizah was fully unearthed from 1896. Probably no Egyptian finds, except that of Tutankhamon in 1922, has ever excited the public imagination so much at the time of the discovery. No single source has added so much to our knowledge of early Jewish culture. For half a century these were among the oldest Hebrew MSS known. Literature: D.S. Sassoon: Ohel Dawid, Descriptive Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the Sassoon Library, London 1932, I, pp. 27-8.
Exhibited XVI Congress of the International Organization for the study of the Old Testament. Faculty of Law Library, University of Oslo, 29 July - 7 August 1998.
See also
Place of origin Iraq or Iran
Dates 10c ad