MS 4593
Text QUR'AN, SURA 79:18 - 26
Description MS in Arabic on pink paper, Andalusia, Spain (or North Africa), early 13th c., 1 f., 34x26 cm, single column, (23x19 cm), 5 lines in a monumental Maghrebi script, 6 gold medallions with verse numbers in red, white and blue noted in the abjad system, a large gold medallion for verse 20 with the word 'ushr, a gold large gold teardrop from verse 25 outlined in blue containing the word khums, both in gold kufic script on a red ground, the word hubus, pricked out with a needle at top margin.
Context From a Qur'an, originally in 20 volumes, one partial volume in Bibliothèque Ben Youssouf in Marakesh. Other ff. in most famous collections worldwide.
Provenance 1. Sam Fogg Rare Books Ltd., cat. 22(2000):7.
Commentary The pink paper is believed to have come from the town of Jativa, south-west of Valencia, and is for this reason called in Arabic al-waraq al-Shatibi. The town was famed for its paper making in this period. One may assume that the MS was made for a member of a princely family or an important official, probably from Granada or Valencia. Both Jativa and Valencia fell to the Christians in 1239-40. An interesting feature of this MS is its endowment inscription, hubus, the Maghrebi equivalent of the word, waqf, more usually encountered in this context. By inscribing it with a series of pinpricks, rather than conventionally in ink, the status of the endowment "in perpetuity" is highlighted: the inscription cannot be erased.
Place of origin Spain (or North Africa)
Dates early 13c AD