MS 2634/3
Description MS in Greek on papyrus, Alexandria, Egypt, late 2nd-1st c. BC, 1 fragment of a scroll, 6x4 cm, single column, 15 lines in a small Greek uncial.
Context The lower part of the column with II, 611-22 is in Princeton University, P. Princ. inv. AM 15960A.
Provenance 1. Alexandrine Museum or Bibliotheca Alexandrina?, Egypt (late 2nd-1st c. BC); 2. Antiquity dealer, Cairo (1969); 3. Dr. Anton Fackelmann Sr., Wien, Austria, MS 44/3 (1969-1986); 4. Anton Fackelmann Jr., Steyr, Austria (1986-1998).
Commentary The present papyrus is important because of its extent, its early date and superior text quality. It is the earliest papyrus of the entire Hippocratic corpus yet published. Only the citations from Prorrhetic I 1-2 and Epidemics VI 5:15 & 7:9 in Herculaneum papyrus 1012, offer an earlier version of text. MS 2634/3 The articulations of the present papyrus, the dividing of the text in order to demonstrate what goes with what, and to prove that this is what Hippocrates really meant, were part of the heated rivalries between the medical parties of Ptolemaic Alexandria. That rivalry continued at Roma in Roman times. Hippocrates saved many early medical treaties from oblivion. Hippocrates, "Father of Medicine", also served as the rubric under which these early texts were collected at the Museum of Ptolemaic Alexandria. Only this papyrus and a few others afford us the opportunity of seeing the corpus of an earlier time, before the edition of Artemidorus Capito began to circulate, and before Galen set his hand to explicating the message of the text.
Published M. Gronewald in: ZPE 28(1978) pp. 276-277; A.E. Hanson: SAMR 23(1995) pp. 26-27; and A:E: Hanson - T. Gagos: Well Articulated spaces: Hippocrates, Epidemics II 6, 7-22, in Specimina per il Corpus dei Papiri Greci de Medicina, Firenze 1997, pp. 117-140. Academia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere "La Colombaria": Corpus dei Papiri Filosofici Greci e Latini. Testi e lessico nei papiri di cultura greca e latina, parte I.2: Cultura e Filosofia, pp. 137-143, plates: Parte IV.2, p 158, Firenze, Olschki, 2008.
Exhibited Bibelmuseum, Münster, since 1986.
See also See also MS 1817, Medical recipes, Luxembourg, 2nd half 8th c.
Place of origin Egypt
Dates Late 2nd-1st c. BC