10. Magical

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The collection of some 800 magical manuscripts covers all continents spanning over 4,500 years. The oldest of these, from 26th c. BC from North Syria, has nine incantations by the first named author in history, Ur-Gibil, who was also a scribe, and wrote the text himself and signed it as well. This makes the present manuscript one of the first, if not the first, signed literary autograph.

Offering to heal foot/leg | MS 3033

MS in Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 26th c. BC, 1 votive child foot with 6 toes, 12,2x6,1x5,4 cm, 1 compartment of cuneiform script.

incantations-nin-girimma-ms-4549-1

MS in Sumerian on clay, Ebla?,North Syria, 26th c. BC, 1 tablet, compartments of cuneiform script, by the scribe Ur-Gibil, with a decorative line of small KASKAL-signs preceding each spell on reverse.

Omens on Newborns | MS 3000

MS in Old Babylonian on clay, Larsa or Ur, Babylonia, ca. 1800 BC, 1 tablet, 17,1x11,8x3,0 cm, single column, 92 lines in cuneiform script.

Ritual against the Demon Lamashtu | MS 2779

MS in Babylonian on red jasper, Babylonia, 1000-600 BC, 10 lines of monumental cuneiform script WITH illustrations, the main showing the female demon Lamashtu.

Spell to drive away illness| MS 3272/1

MS in Neo Assyrian on clay, Assyria, 8th c. BC, 1 cylinder seal formed amulet, diam. 1,0x2,0 cm, 8 lines in cuneiform script, a hole through the centre for suspension.

Tarlton Hoard Curses | MS 1720/2

MS in Latin on lead, Tarlton, Gloucestershire, England, ca. 150-300, 1 tablet, 3,9x8,0 cm, 3 lines in Old Roman Cursive.

Incantation Bowl: Earliest Hewbrew Rext Examples | MS 2053/196

MS in Hebrew (texts 1-3) and Jewish-Aramaic (text 4) on clay, Near East, 5th-6th c., 1 incantation bowl, 10, 5x27,0 cm, 14 lines in Jewish-Aramaic script, indented rim.

incantation-bowl-against-demons-ms-2053-198

MS in Jewish-Aramaic on clay, Near East, 5th-6th c., 1 incantation bowl  in Jewish-Aramaic script, drawing of standing demon at center and with 2 snakes eating each others tails along the rim, and 2 pairs of bound demons outside.