ZOROASTRIAN INCANTATIONS AGAINST ANGRA MAINU

MS 1928/19
MS Short Title ZOROASTRIAN INCANTATIONS AGAINST ANGRA MAINU
Text ZOROASTRIAN INCANTATIONS AGAINST ANGRA MAINU AND OTHER EVIL SPIRITS OF AHRIMAN, MENTIONING SNAKES AND SCORPIONS AS WELL AS DREG-VANTS AND DAEVAS, INVOKING SPENTA MAINYA
Description MS in Zoroastrian Middle Persian on clay, Persia, 5th-7th c. 1 incantation bowl, 16,0x7,5 cm, 34 lines in Pahlavi book script arranged in the form of a flower with 8 leaves and an inscription going around, the lines going from the rim towards the centre of the bowl.
Commentary Angra Mainu is the demon of darkness, deceit, destruction and death, while Spenta Mainya is the good spirit of creative energy. Dreg-vats are the followers of evil, of the daevas the malevolent gods. Ahriman, the 'adversary' or Satan, is the persistent enemy of the supreme god of Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda. Incantation or magical bowls are also called demon traps. They were placed with the bottom up under the floors and thresholds of the houses in the Near East. The demons were then believed to be trapped inside the bowl with the magical spells written against them. The major part of the text has so far not been understood. What has been read is rather preliminary, communicated by a follower of Zoroaster only reading from photographs.
Published To be published by Prof. Shaul Shaked.
Exhibited University College London, Centre for Jewish studies, and the Warburg Institute: Babylonian Aramaic Magic Bowls from the Schøyen Collection, A Special exhibition on the occation of the workshop "Officina Magica", London 15 - 17 1999.
Place of origin Persia
Dates 5th-7th c

Location