DASATAYIPRATISAKHYA OF SAUNAKACARYA

MS 2162
MS Short Title DASATAYIPRATISAKHYA OF SAUNAKACARYA
Text DASATAYIPRATISAKHYA OF SAUNAKACARYA, GRAMMAR OF THE RIGVEDA
Description MS in Sanskrit on paper, India, 1665, 35 ff. (complete), 12x22 cm, single column, (ca. 10x18 cm), 10-11 lines in Devanagari script, double vertical lines at both sides of the text.
Binding India, 1665, dark wooden upper cover.
Context For the full text of RigVeda, see MS 2097 above.
Provenance 1. Eames Collection, Chicago, Ill., no. 1962; 2. Newberry Library, Chicago, Ill., ORMS 956 (acq.no. 152860) (ca. 1920-1994); 3. Sam Fogg cat. 17(1996):43.
Commentary The Dasatayipratisakhya of Saunakacarya is a part of the literature concerned with techniques of deriving the actually sung or recited text of the Rigveda from the root form of the words. The pratisakhyas shows how regular rules and patterns could explain the transformation of the abstract units into the modulated forms used in real speech and in particular in the performance of the hymns of the Rigveda. 

The Rigveda-Samhita is the only surviving recension of the oldest ritual hymns of India. It consists of 1028 hymns, largely organised by subject/matter. It is an anthology collected from the larger number of hymns in use in the many priestly families of ancient India. The language in which hymns were composed is the form of Aryan which was spoken around 1000 BC. Modern scholars think that the corpus of texts was organised in its present textual and linguistic form around 600 BC, but was further orally transmitted from master to pupil until ca. 300-200 BC, when it was finally committed to writing. The archaic linguistic forms are the most valuable source for the investigation of the oldest stages of the Indo-European languages, as Homeric Greek. 

The text preserves a stage of Indian religion quite different from modern Hinduism, the rituals being centred on animal sacrifice and the consumption of Soma, an intoxicating drink, and the pantheon being that of Indo-European steppe-dwellers.
Place of origin India
Dates 1665

Location