PRISONER'S LEDGER DRAWING BOOK

MS 3018/2
MS Short Title PRISONER'S LEDGER DRAWING BOOK
Text CHEYENNE INDIAN LITTLE WHIRLWIND'S LEDGER DRAWING BOOK
Description MS in Cheyenne on paper, Miles City, Montana, 1897-1898, 15 ff. interleaved with onionskin protections (complete), 23x30 cm, Little Whirlwind's autograph name glyph, 31 fullpage drawings in full colours by Little Whirlwind of tipis, hunting of wild boar, black panther and deer, horseriding, peace talks and courting.
Binding U.S.A., ca. 1897, stapled cardboards with shirting spine, green upper cover, in blue print: The Hogarth Art Drawing Tablet, for sketching, map drawing or home practice.
Context

Other Indian ledger drawing books are MSS 2956/1-2, 4457 and 4605. Spotted Hawk's ledger is MS 3018/1.

Provenance 1. Cheyenne Indian Little Whirlwind of Tongue River Reservation, Miles City jail, Montana (1897-1898); 2. Judge Charles H. Loud, Miles City, Montana (1898-) and his descendants; 3. Bruce Ferrini, Akron, Ohio.
Commentary

Little Whirlwind, his brother Spotted Hawk and David Stanley (Badger) were arrested following the killing of the sheepherder John Hoover near the Tongue River Reservation ca. 1 May 1897. The 2 brothers were innocent, but following the trials and convictions, Judge Loud sentenced Spotted Hawk to death by hanging, and Little Whirlwind to life imprisonment. In a September 21 editorial, The City and State, a Philadelphia journal, declared Little Whirlwind to be an Indian Dreyfus, comparing him to the French innocent officer convicted to treason in 1894. As in the Dreyfus affair, the convictions of the 2 Indians involved suppressed and false evidence and racism, cf. Emile Zola's article "J'accuse -", and Orlan J. Svingen: The Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation 1877-1900, Colorado 1993, chapter 8: The Case of Spotted Hawk and Little Whirlwind. An American Indian Dreyfus Affair, pp.113-129. Following a successful appeal, and a deathbed confession by David Stanley, the brothers were released and went back to the reservation. While they were in the Miles City jail, Judge Loud apparently gave each of them a Hoggart tablet to draw in. Little Whirlwind made the present 31 drawings, and Spotted Hawk 29.

Published
Exhibited
Mentioned
Boxing
Colophon
See also MS 4457, Little Shield's ledger, Nebraska, 1865-1879
Place of origin Montana
Dates 1897 - 1898

Location