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The Power of Words: Any collection of manuscripts is a sacred and spiritual task. These texts not only originate in the past but also, especially in the case of religious literature, derive their source from the edge of the beyond. They constitute testaments not only of time but also of the spirit. Each discovery of a long-lost text helps push back the curtain of time as well as the veil of eternity. These are more than simply manuscripts. They are literary miracles, providing an immortal library, at once timeless and incorruptible.

Forty-three (43) examples from the over 400 items in the Bible collection are included here. This collection has many MSS that would be the pride of most of the world’s largest public collections. 9 MSS are the earliest witnesses to their part of the text of the Bible. 90 MSS have the earliest texts of their part of the Hebrew Bible, and a further 86 are only preceded by the Dead Sea Scrolls.

This collection comprises over 1,200 MSS and 35 examples spanning 24th c. BC to 19th c. AD are included here. Other examples in other collections, see f. inst. Collection 5.18, see f. inst. MS 2458, Chinese history, and the commentary in the Main Introduction.

In the following, 37 MSS are listed out of a total of 630, starting with the beginning of the world literature ca. 2600 BC and ending with Shakespeare and Ibsen.

The collection of over 2000 examples is large to cover the Western scripts, comprising Europe, Near East and the Americas. The palaeography of the rest of the world is covered, albeit less comprehensively, through examples elsewhere in the special collections.

Here, 17 manuscripts are presented online out of a collection of all together 133 items spanning 3rd century to 16th century AD. This section covers central medieval texts and supplements the Bible Collection.

Bishop Melito of Sardis: Akhmimic | MS 2337

MS in the Akhmimic dialect of Coptic on papyrus, Upper Egypt, 4th c., 1 partial papyrus, 17x7 cm, 1 column remaining (14x5 cm, column width 5 cm), 18+19 lines in Coptic half uncial.

Codex Armenicus Rescriptus | MS 575

MS palimpsest on vellum, Mt. Sinai, Egypt. Text 1 (underlying text): in Armenian, 6th c. Text 2 (overlying text): In Syriac, 1st half of 10th c., with 7 interlinear decorations.

Bede: Abbey Locamaria, Brittany | MS 2036

MS in Latin on vellum, Abbey of Locmaria, Finistère, Bretagne, ca. 1100, 78 ff. (complete), 21x13 cm, single column, (18x10 cm), 41 lines in an early Romanesque script with many insular features.