HATHAYOGAPRADIPIKA OF SVATMARAMA

MS 5294
MS Short Title HATHAYOGAPRADIPIKA OF SVATMARAMA
Text HATHAYOGAPRADIPIKA OF SVATMARAMA, HATHA YOGA FOR THE EXTENSION OF LIFE
Description MS in Sanskrit on paper, India, 19th c., 61 (-1) ff., 9x22 cm, single column, (6x18 cm), 8 lines in Devanagari book script.
Binding India, 19th c., poti paper covers.
Context There are numerous editions and translations of this text. The only critical edition is published by the Lonavla Yoga Institute.
Provenance 1. Sam Fogg, cat. 17(1996):69.
Commentary The Hathayogapradipika is a tract of almost 400 verses on the so-called 'forceful' (hatha) Yoga. The text states that its first stage is the performance of 'bodily postures' (asana) which are well-known from popular books on Yoga; the second is 'the holding of the breath' (kumbhaka) in order to control the life force; then follow as numbers three and four the practices called mudrâ and karana and finally the 'concentration on inner sound' (nadanusandhana). One should therefore not treat this text as a part or expansion of the 'bodily aspect' of Classical Yoga. It is a markedly different system, which, despite aiming ultimately at liberation, lays more immediate emphasis on 'deceiving death', i.e. the prolongation of life. The first chapter of the Hathayogapradipika describes a variety of bodily postures, diet and general topics. The second deals with the control of the life force to be achieved by breathing exercises like holding the breath. The third chapter describes the 10 mudras (literally 'seals') which are said 'to destroy ageing and death'. The fourth chapter describes the liberating experience of trance (samadhi) which is the culmination of the whole training process. If the 'great force', i.e. kundalini is awakened, the life force dissolves and mental activity ceases.
Place of origin India
Dates 19th Century

Location