CREATION OF THE WORLD, THE MAN AND THE HOE

MS 2110/1
MS Short Title CREATION OF THE WORLD, THE MAN AND THE HOE
Text
  1. DEBATE BETWEEN BIRD AND FISH; PART OF THE SUMERIAN CREATION STORY
  2. CREATION OF THE WORLD, THE MAN AND THE HOE, 1 - 33, SUMERIAN MYTH
Description MS in Sumerian on clay, probably Larsa, Babylonia, 1900-1700 BC, 1 tablet, 24x17x5 cm, 2+2 columns, 42 lines in cuneiform script.
Context Creation of the hoe is the text on MSS 2423/1-5, 2110/1, text 2, and 3293. Bird and Fish is also the text on MSS 2884 and 3325. About 50-60 sources for the Creation of the Hoe is known.
Commentary

Text 1, a part of the Sumerian creation story; as a literary debate between the bird and the fish in which they argue for their usefulness in the universe as it was then conceived. It has a substantially variant form of the published text, and the end is unpublished. Parts of the text are similar to Genesis 1:20-22.

Text 2: The Sumerians believed that the hoe, one of their basic agricultural tools, in the beginning was given as a gift of the gods. A myth was created explaining the circumstances of this event. It opens with the Sumerian creation of the world and of man.

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There are parallels to both the Bible's 1st creation story: "The Lord hastened to separate heaven from earth" (Gen. 1:6-10); "and Daylight shone forth" (Gen. 1:3-5); and the 2nd creation story: "The Lord put the (first) human in the brick mould, and Enlil's people emerged from the ground" (Gen. 2:7).

Exhibited Tigris 25th anniversary exhibition. The Kon-Tiki Museum, Oslo, 30.1. - 15.9.2003.
Place of origin Babylonia
Dates 1900 - 1700 BC

Location