CALENDAR, LUNARY, PROGNOSTICATION & CHRONICLES

MS 1581
MS Short Title CALENDAR, LUNARY, PROGNOSTICATION & CHRONICLES
Text
  1. CALENDAR WITH NAMES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE SAINTS AND FEAST DAYS, ZODIAC SIGNS AND OCCUPATIONS OF THE MONTHS, HOURS AND MINUTES OF DAYLIGHT, GOLDEN NUMBERS, DOMINICAL LETTERS AND THREE 19-YEAR CYCLES (1425-1481) OF CONJUNCTIONS OF THE SUN AND THE MOON, EACH WITH THE YEAR, HOUR AND MINUTE
  2. TABLE OF DOMINICAL LETTERS
  3. LUNARY WITH TABLES OF SOLAR AND LUNAR ECLIPSES FOR THE YEARS 1425-1481, WITH NUMBERS OF DAYS, HOURS, AND MINUTES, AND THE MONTHS ILLUSTRATED BY TOOLS RELATING TO THE OCCUPATIONS
  4. CALENDAR CHART RELATING THE ZODIAC TO THE OCCUPATIONS OF THE YEAR, ILLUSTRATING THE TOOLS, WITHOUT MOVING VOLVELLE
  5. ZODIAC MAN WITH THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC RELATING TO PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY
  6. PROGNOSTICATION TABLE IN ORDER OF THE DOMINICAL LETTER, WITH PICTORIALISED PROPHESIES PREDICTING THE SCALE OF THE HARVESTS, DISASTERS, WARS, AND OTHER EVENTS
  7. PICTORIAL CHRONICLE OF THE KINGS OF ENGLAND FROM WILLIAM I TO HENRY VI
  8. PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD INCLUDING A T-O MAP AND PORTRAITS OF ST. AUGUSTINE, ST. THOMAS BECKET AND THOMAS OF LANCASTER
Description MS in Latin on vellum, York or Ripon, Yorkshire, ca. 1425, 37 ff. (complete), 15x11 cm, single column, (10x9 cm), 7-21 lines in a rotunda Gothic book script of medium quality, 136 drawings of animals, beehives, wheatfields, tools, moons, churches, ships, shipwrecks, fires, etc. in gold, silver and colours with green dominating, 114 miniatures of saints, kings, commoners, etc., and 1 full-page miniature of the zodiac man, all in gold, silver and colours.
Binding England, early 19th c., russia, sewn on 4 cords.
Context From a possible Scandinavian archetype of 13th or 14th c., there was copied the English girdle calendar of Harry the Haywarde from 1389, Bodleian Library Rawlinson D. 939. From this was copied BL Royal 17.A.XVI dated 1420 and BL Harley 2332 dated 1412. From the latter the present MS was copied. From either MS 1581 or BL Royal 17.A.XVI was copied E.F. Bosauquet MS dated 1433, which possibly was the exemplar of the first printed calendar with woodcuts, ca. 1500, Bodleian MS Douce A 632 and 3 copies in BL. This might have been the exemplar of the Scandinavian MS calendars: the oldest Danish girdle calendar from 1513, which again is related to 2 Norwegian girdle calendars dated 1558: The Hegra Calendar and the Oslo Calendar, as well as MS 2913. (John B. Friedman: Harry the Haywarde and Talbat his dog, in: Art into Life, ed. C.G. Fisher and K.L. Scott, Michigan State University Press, 1995.)
Provenance 1. William Tresham, Yorkshire (ca. 1500); 2. W.K. Bixby, St. Louis, Missouri (1906-1917); 3. Bixby sale, New York 26.2.1917; 4. Sotheby's 24.6.1986:68; 5. H.P. Kraus, New York (1986-1990); 6. Sam Fogg cat. 14(1991):17; 7. De-accessioned
Exhibited "The Story of Time", Queen's House at the National Maritime Museum and The Royal Observatory, Greenwich, Dec. 1999 - Sept. 2000.
See also MS 039, Psalms with calendar, Belgium, 15c AD
Place of origin Yorkshire
Dates ca 1425 AD

Location