4.6 Aramaic, Hebrew & Syriac
MS in Canaanite West Semitic on bronze, Canaan, Israel/Lebanon, 11th c. BC, 1 arrowhead, inscribed on both sides with Proto-Canaanite script/early Phoenician script.
MS in Aramaic on black stone, Neo-Hittite kingdom, North Syria/South Turkey, 8th c. BC, 1 Pyxis lid, diam. 10,6x5,4x1,1 cm, 2 lines in archaic Aramaic script, deeply carved frieze of animals, a chimera.
MS in Aramaic on clay, Syria, 613(?) BC, 1 tablet, in Aramaic cursive documentary script, 3 seal impressions of a crescent moon above a schematic winged sun disc, of Sharash-sharru-ibnu the Turtanu.
MS in Jewish-Aramaic on cream coloured clay, Idumea, Palestine, 2 March 344 BC, 1 ostracon, 7,0x3,5 cm, single column, 3 lines in Jewish-Aramaic script.
MS in Hebrew and Jewish-Aramaic on clay, Iran/Mesopotamia/Syria/Jordan, 5th-7th c., 1 incantation bowl, 10 lines in Jewish-Aramaic script, drawing of the demon Lilith with her hands and feet bound.
MS in Hebrew on vellum, Qumran, 1st c. BC, 1 fragment of a scroll, in a formal Hasmonaean Hebrew book script; a fragment with the offset of the letters Shin and Lamed; 2 uninscribed fragments.
MS in Hebrew on vellum, Iraq or Iran, 10th c., 17 lines in a large Hebrew square book script with nikud and the small Masorah between the columns.
MS in Hebrew and Aramaic on vellum, Iraq, first half of 11th c., 23 lines in a large Hebrew square book script, by a scribe perhaps originating from the Maghreb (North Africa probably Tunisia).
MS in Judaeo-Arabic on paper, Palestine or Iraq, 13th c., 10 ff., 18x14 cm, single column, (18x12 cm), 32-33 lines in an oriental semi-cursive Hebrew book script.