PINDAR, DEMOSTHENES, SYNERIOS, KYMINITES

MS 1660
MS Short Title PINDAR, DEMOSTHENES, SYNERIOS, KYMINITES
Text
  1. PINDAR: OLYMPIA. PARAPHRASE BY SEVASTOS KYMINITIS, WITH COMMENTARY
  2. CHALCIDEUS OF ALEXANDRIA: LUKOPHRONOS, WITH SCHOLIA AND COMMENTARY
  3. DEMOSTHENES: OLYNTHIACS, 1 - 3, WITH COMMENTARY
  4. DEMOSTHENES: PHILIPPIC I, WITH COMMENTARY
  5. SYNESIOS: EPISTOLA, WITH COMMENTARY AND SCHOLIA
  6. SYNESIOS: TO ARKADIOS ON KINGSHIP, WITH COMMENTARY
  7. ILARION KIGALAS OF CYPRUS' THEORY AND PRACTICE OF THE SCIENCE OF GRAMMAR
  8. ALEXANDROS BYZANTINOS: ON SYNTAX
  9. SOFRONION PATRIARCHON: ON PUNCTUATION
  10. IOANNIS TZETZES: DIDASKALIA, ON RHETORICAL QUESTIONS
  11. LIVES OF SEVASTOS KYMINITIS AND GEORGIOS TRAPEZOUNTIOS, BIBLIOGRAPHY AND NOTES
  12. GRAMMAR AND RHETORIC OF ANCIENT AUTHORS, NOTES
  13. ADILON: ORACLES; VERSE
Description MS in Greek on paper, Bucarest or Jassy, Rumania, ca. 1676-1710, 432 ff. (complete), 22x15 cm, single column, (14x9 cm - 20x12 cm), 18-36 lines in a highly cursive Greek minuscule with gloss filling the remaining space of the page.
Binding Rumania, 18th c., calf over cardboard, sewn on 3 thongs, inner edge of the calf painted with stripes
Provenance 1. Library of Sebastos Kuminete, Athens; 2. Phillips sale, London, ca. 1992, lot 50; 3. Sam Fogg, London.
Commentary This MS is a collection of texts for use in the Greek academies of Rumania, either in that of Bucarest or Jassy. Pindar (518-438 BC), professional composer of odes celebrating the victors of the various athletic contests in Greece; the Pythian, Isthmian, Nomean and Olympian games. The present text includes the following winners: Horserace: Ieroui Syrakosio, Thiroki Akragantino, Psavmidi Kamarineo. Diagora Rodio, Agisdamo Lokro. Wrestling: Alkimedonto, Timostheni, Melisia, Erfarmosto Oponntio. Long distance race: Ergoteli Imero. Pentathlon: Xenofonti Korinthio, Asopicho Orchomenio. His difficult style made paraphrase/translation necessary for modern Greek students, while his asides provide important information on his times. Sevastos Kyminitis (-1702) from Kymina in Trebizond, taught in Constantinople, 1671-82, in Trebizond 1682-89, and in Bucarest, 1689-1702. Author of over 100 works on philosophy, grammar, theology and philology, and translations of many classical works into modern Greek, including Hesiod, Euripides, Sophocles, Lukian and Pindar. Demosthenes (384-322 BC), lawyer and politician, the foremost exemplar of Athenian political rhetoric. His Olynthian and Philippic speeches were delivered in 349 as part of his campaign against the threat posed to Athens by Philip of Macedonia. Synesios (ca. 360-415 AD), Christian bishop and neo-Platonic philosopher of Cyrene in North Africa. He wrote philosophical and occasional works. After becoming Bishop of Ptolemais he had little time for literary production, but made a chronicle of his time in the form of his letters to colleagues and friends.
Published Discussed in: Angelike Skarbele-Nikolopolos: Neo kheirographo apo te bibliotheke tou Sebastou Kuminete, Epeteris 5, Athens 1987/1988, pp. 477-486; and Aradna Camariano-Cloran: Les Academies princicres de Bucarest et de Jassy et leurs professeurs, Institute for Balkan Studies publication 142, Thessaloniki 1974, pp. 363-393.
Place of origin Rumania
Dates ca 1676 - 1710 AD

Location