INCANTATIONS IN THE NAME OF NIN-GIRIMMA

MS 4549/1
MS Short Title INCANTATIONS IN THE NAME OF NIN-GIRIMMA
Text NINE INCANTATIONS GIVEN IN THE NAME OF THE GODDESS NIN-GIRIMMA, ONE CONCERNING SICK INNER PARTS, AND THE RITE: HE POURED OUT FOR ME WATER OF THE TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES; WITH COLOPHON: A RECITATION OF UR-GIBIL, SCRIBE WITH 4 HIGH PRIESTLY TITLES
Description MS in Sumerian on clay, Ebla?,North Syria, 26th c. BC, 1 tablet, 14x16x3 cm, 6+5 columns, 74+41 compartments of cuneiform script, by the scribe Ur-Gibil, with a decorative line of small KASKAL-signs preceding each spell on reverse.
Context There are 4 similar tablets from Fara, 1 tablet from Lagash, and 12 tablets from Ebla, all except 1 are small and broken. None of these overlap the present tablet, which makes it the major tablet of the genre. It might be related to MS 4550 with a similar text; cf. MS 3280, Snake incantations, and MS 4549/2 by the same scribe.
Commentary

The text is attributed to a named author, which is unique and without precedent apart from a very small tablet of the snake incantations from the same period, with a recitation of Ur-Bilgi, MS 4549/2. There is no other case of an author or authority being named like this at the end of a Sumerian incantation.

The sign for "Recitation" is Sumerian "shid", which corresponds to Akkadian "manu", "to recite". The use of the term in such a context is likewise without parallel. This is from the oldest literature with a named author, who also identifies him as a scribe, implying he wrote it himself, which makes this one of the first literary autographs.

Place of origin Sumer
Dates 26c BC

Location