EZEKIEL, ISAIAH, HEKHALOT

MS 2046
MS Short Title EZEKIEL, ISAIAH, HEKHALOT
Text
  1. BIBLE: EZEKIEL 1:5; 1:27
  2. BIBLE: ISAIAH 6:3
  3. HEKHALOT: PEACE BE UPON YOU, ANGELS ON HIGH; PEACE BE UPON YOU, COHORTS OF THE ARMY; PEACE BE UPON YOU, FLAMES OF BURNING; PEACE BE UPON YOU, WHEELS OF THE CHARIOT; PEACE BE UPON YOU, OFANIM AND CHERUBIM; PEACE BE UPON YOU, THE ANIMATE BEINGS OF THE THRONE OF GLORY; PEACE BE UPON YOU, THE SPIRIT OF FIRE THAT COMES FROM THE NORTH; PEACE BE UPON YOU, THE SPIRIT OF FIRE THAT COMES FROM THE SOUTH
  4. MAY THERE BE HEALING FROM HEAVEN TO MIHRANAHID DAUGHTER OF AHAT, WHO IS CALLED KUTUS, AND MAY SHE BE HEALED FROM ANY SPIRIT OF SHIVERING THAT ENCIRCLES HER FACE, FROM THE SPIRIT OF CATARACT, FROM THE SPIRIT THAT SITS ON HER EAR AND SMITES THE BRAIN AND THE OVERLAP FROM HER EAR, AND THEY CALL TO HER: "TAKE AND DRINK!" FROM THE SPIRIT OF MIGRAINE, THAT SITS IN HER TEMPLES, FROM THE SPIRIT OF STUPOR, FROM THE SPIRIT THAT OFFICIATES IN THE SEVEN ORIFICES OF HER HEAD, FROM THE SPIRIT OF JUGS, FROM THE SPIRIT OF DRAIN-PIPES, FROM THE SPIRIT OF THE CEMETERY, FROM THE SPIRITS OF A CHILD-BEARING WOMAN, FROM THE SPIRIT OF SHAKING, FROM THE SPIRIT OF ALL BLAST-SPIRITS AND HARMFUL SPIRITS, FROM AN IMPURE SPIRIT, FROM THE EVIL SPIRIT. I ADJURE AND INVOKE AGAINST YOU, THAT YOU SHOULD NOT HAVE POWER OVER MIHRANAHID DAUGHTER OF AHAT, THAT YOU SHOULD DEPART AND GO OUT OF HER AND FROM THE 252 LIMBS THAT ARE IN HER BODY
Description MS in Jewish-Aramaic on clay, Near East, 5th-6th c., 1 incantation bowl, 19x7 cm, 16 lines in a formal Jewish-Aramaic script.
Context Isaiah 6:3 is cited on MSS 1928/28, 1928/33, 2046, 2053/19, 2053/159 and 2053/172. Incantations for the same clients on MSS 1927/10, 25, 41, 42, 48, 56, 64, 2046 and 2053/09. This constitutes the third parallel text to the Hekhalot text also found in MS 1927/63.
Commentary Text 1, Ezekiel 1:5 and 1:27, is not otherwise extant on the Dead Sea Scrolls, and is the oldest surviving witness in the original language, Hebrew or Aramaic, of the Old Testament. Text 2, Isaiah 6:3, quoting the Hebrew Bible in Aramaic is among the earliest known, only preceded by the Dead Sea Scroll, 1QIsaA, in Hebrew from ca. 100 BC. Incantation or magical bowls are also called demon traps. They were placed with the bottom up under the floors and thresholds of the houses in the Near East. The demons were then believed to be trapped inside the bowl with the magical spells written against them.
Published To be published by Prof. Shaul Shaked.
Exhibited University College London, Centre for Jewish studies, and the Warburg Institute: Babylonian Aramaic Magic Bowls from the Schøyen Collection, A Special exhibition on the occasion of the workshop "Officina Magica", London 15 - 17 1999.
See also See also 10. Magical Literature
Place of origin Near East
Dates 5c - 6c AD

Location