ANTIPHONAL: STAFFLESS NEUMES

MS 096
MS Short Title ANTIPHONAL: STAFFLESS NEUMES
Text ANTIPHONAL: OFFICE OF ST. REMIGIUS (1 OCTOBER)
Description MS in Latin on vellum, France, late 9th c., 1 f., 18x15 cm, single column, (13x10 cm), 13 lines in a small Carolingian minuscule with Metz linear staffless neumes, initials in red.
Context The main MS is in Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitulare, MS 205. 2 ff in: Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University, Houghton Library MS Lat. 360(2) and MS Typ 704(8)
Provenance 1. Possibly Reims, Abbey of St.-Remy (ca 900-); 2. Bernard Rosenthal Collection, San Francisco I/239 (ca 1964-1987); 3. Quaritch cat. 1088(1988):311.
Commentary A rare survival from a very early French musical liturgy, among the earliest extant. Only 3 dozens other European musical MSS from 9th c. are known; none are earlier. Of these only 2 are antiphonals, fragments of late 9th c. with Breton and German neumes. Linear, staffless neumes represent the most primitive stage of notation, without any cue to the pitch of each neume, making performance fully dependent on oral tradition.
Published The Story of Time, ed.: Kristen Lippincott, with Umberto Eco, E.H. Gombrich. London, Merrell Holberton in association with National Maritime Museum, 1999, p. 219.
Place of origin France
Dates late 9c AD

Location