CHEYENNE CHIEF LEDGER

MS 2956/1
MS Short Title CHEYENNE CHIEF DRAWINGS
Text CHEYENNE CHIEF HAGETTA'S LEDGER DRAWING BOOK
Description MS in Cheyenne and English on paper, Dodge City, Kansas, 1878-1879, 39 ff. (complete), 13x9 cm, single column, (12x8 cm), 13 lines in English cursive script by L.M. Hyatt, 80 drawings of hunting buffaloes, birds and other animals, fighting and wows with bows and guns, ceremonies, domestic scenes before the tee-pee, peace negotiations, horse-riding, etc., in black, red and blue by Cheyenne chief Hagetta.
Binding Dodge City, Kansas, ca. 1878, paper covers, stitched.
Context

Other Indian ledger drawing books are MSS 2956/2, 3018/1-2, 4457 and 4605.

Provenance 1. Cheyenne chief Hagetta, Dodge City, Kansas (1878-1879); 2. L.M. Hyatt, Dodge City, Kansas (1879-); 3. Bruce Ferrini, Akron, Ohio.
Commentary

Note by L.M. Hyatt on the front page: "April 4/79. Dodge City Prison. This book purchased from Hagetta (Wild Hog) the Cheyenne chief who is now confined to the trial for the murder of whites in Kansas in 1878. This Chief with six warriors being the remnant of the party captured. These drawings are by him while in prison".

In the last 3 decades of the 19th c. Indians of the Apache, Cheyenne, Sioux, Kiowa and other tribes of the Great Plains, often deprived of traditional artistic and ceremonial venues because of their confinement to reservations, turned to drawings in small books and discarded ledgers as a way to make sense of the profound cultural stress to which they were subjected. The indigenous style evolved into a new form of Indian art, characterised by meticulously detailed depictions of clothing and paraphernalia. The Indian art is today highly recognised, represented in most major art museums in USA, to such a degree that most good ledgers have been broken up into single leaves for exhibition and collecting, making the present intact good quality ledger a rare survival. 

Published
Exhibited
Mentioned
Boxing
Colophon
See also
Place of origin Kansas
Dates 1878 - 1879 AD

Location