OLD BELIEVER APOCAPLYPSE (2)

MS 2010
MS Short Title OLD BELIEVER APOCALYPSE
Text BIBLE: REVELATION, WITH THE COMMENTARY OF ARCHBISHOP ANDREW OF CAESAREA
Description MS in Russian Church Slavonic on paper, Russia, 1800-1820, 248 ff. (complete), 34x21 cm, single column, (26x15 cm), 21 lines in Cyrillic half-uncial, headings in red, multicoloured headpieces of ribbon-, strap- or ironwork, some with birds alighting facing the illustrations, 72 full-page pen drawings with bright washes within a yellow frame.
Binding Russia, 1800-1820, brown blind-tooled leather over bevelled wooden boards, sewn on 5 thongs, brass/leather clasps, title stamped upside-down at head and foot. Context: For another Russian Old Believer Apocalypse of the same period, see MS 2623.
Context
Provenance 1. Sam Fogg, London.
Commentary

The Apocalypse was not accepted into the canon of the Eastern Orthodox Church until the early 14th c. In Cappadocia there was an early attempt to rehabilitate the text with the commentary of Andrew of Caesarea ca. 613.

The artist of the present MS is influenced by the famous woodcuts by Dürer of 1498, the Cranach workshop for the Luther Bible of 1522, 1530 and 1535, and Holbein of 1523. But for the main part the artists of MS 2010 and 2623 follow the Byzantine-Slavonic tradition even if they are very different in composition and palette.

Following the schism in 1647 of the Russian Church, the Old Believers were often ruthlessly persecuted, many of their service books burnt or otherwise destroyed.

Published
Exhibited
Mentioned
Boxing
See also
Place of origin Russia
Dates 1800 - 1820 AD

Location