THE CROSBY-SCHØYEN CODEX

MS 193
MS Short Title THE CROSBY-SCHØYEN CODEX
Text
  1. BIBLE: JONAH
  2. BIBLE: 2 MACCABEES 5:27 - 7:41
  3. BIBLE: 1 PETER
  4. MELITO OF SARDIS: PERI PASCHA 47 - 105
  5. HOMILY, AN UNIDENTIFIED SERMON FOR EASTER MORNING
Description MS in Sahidic on papyrus, Alexandria, Egypt, 3rd c., 52 ff. (-16), 15x15 cm, 2 columns, (10x12 cm), 11-18 lines in a bold large Coptic uncial, 3 decorated cartouches, text 5: single column, 12 lines.
Context From the hoard known as the "Bodmer Papyri", consisting of 9 Greek papyrus scrolls, 22 papyrus codices and ca. 7 vellum codices in Greek and Coptic. These MSS are now mainly located in Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, Genève, and Chester Beatty Library, Dublin. They all belonged to the library of The Pachomian order, Faw Qibli (near Dishna), the world's first monastery and order. In the 7th c. the scrolls and codices from the library were hidden in a large jar during the Arabic conquest, and not found until 1952. MS 2337 supplies an important missing part of text 4.
Provenance 1. Copied from exemplars in Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria (3rd c.); 2. Monastery of the Pachomian Order, Dishna, Egypt (4th-7th c.); 3. Buried in a jar in the sand (7th c.-1952); 4. Hasan Muhammad al-Samman, Abu Mana (1952); 5. Riyad Jirjis Fam, Dishna (1952); 6. Phocion J. Tano, Cairo (1952-); 7. Sultan Maguid Sameda, Cairo (until 1955); 8. University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi (1955-1981); 9. H.P. Kraus, New York (1981-83); 10. Vinsor T. Savery, Houston, Texas (Pax ex Innovatione Foundation, Vaduz, Liechtenstein) (1983-1988); 11. Sotheby's 6.12.1988:29. 41 fragments from the beginning of the codex, that came apart in 1952: 1.-6. As above; 7. Dr. Martin Bodmer, Genève (1952-1967); 8. Prof. William H. Willis, Durham, North Carolina (from 1967); 9. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, "P. Duk. inv. C125" (until 1990), acquired by exchange in April 1990, and rejoined to the main codex June 1990.
Commentary The earliest known complete text of the 2 books of the Bible, Jonah and 1 Peter. Of the latter there is also a Greek papyrus slightly later, ca. 300, from the same hoard, now in the Vatican. The present 1 Peter is copied from a Greek exemplar written before 2 Peter existed, i.e. ca. 60-130 AD. It is the single most important MS of 1 Peter. Texts 2 and 4 are also the earliest witnesses. Text 5 is unique. Probably the oldest Christian liturgical MS. One of the earliest extant MSS in codex form. The oldest book in private ownership.
Published C.S.C.O. vol. 521: The Crosby-Schøyen Codex, MS 193 in The Schøyen Collection. Ed. James E. Goehring. Louvain, E. Peeters, 1990. A copy, bound with the documentation, was given to Bibliotheca Alexandrina by the Norwegian prime minister, March 1999. A copy of digital images was given to Bibliotheca Alexandrina, at the official inauguration 16 October 2002. Hans-Gerhard Bethge: Der Text des ersten Petrusbriefe im Crosby-Schøyen-Codex (MS 193 Schøyen Collection). Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, vol. 84, 1993, p.p. 255-267.
Exhibited "Preservation for access: Originals and copies". On the occasion of the 1st International Memory of the World Conference, organized by the Norwegian Commission for UNESCO and the National Library of Norway, at the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, 3 June - 14 July 1996.
Place of origin Alexandria
Dates 3c AD

Location