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18. NORDIC COUNTRIES (2)

18.2. SWEDEN
MS 1392 Sweden, ca. 1400-1460
See also MS 1577, Sweden, ca. 1500
MS 1585 Sweden, first half of 16th c.
See also MS 1568, Sweden, 1540
MS 1737 Sweden, ca. 1600
See also MS 2308, Sweden, 1832-35
See also MS 2309, Sweden, ca. 1850
MS 2125 Sweden, 1903-1921

18.3. DENMARK & GREENLAND
See also MS 1697, Denmark, 10th c.
See also MS 566/1, Norway (or Denmark?), 2nd half 12th c.
See also MS 1281, Norway (or Denmark?), 15th c.
MS 5271 Greenland, 1710
MS 2240 Denmark, 18th c.
MS 2528 Denmark, 1868
See also MS 2256, Denmark, ca. 1903
MS 2126/1 Denmark, 1923

18.4. FINLAND
MS 1922 Finland, 1st half of 15th c

18.5. ICELAND
MS 2150/1 Iceland, 13th c.
MS 2527 Iceland, 1st half of 18th c.
MS 2307/1 Iceland, 1830
MS 2767 Iceland, 1861
MS 5054 Iceland, 1861

18. Nordic Countries

18.2 Sweden

MS 1392  
BREVIARY OF FRANCISCAN USE MS 1392

MS in Latin on vellum, Sweden, ca. 1400-1460, 247 ff. (complete), 14x11 cm, single column, (10-11x7 cm), 20-21 lines in Gothic book script of high grade and medium quality, and 4 different rotunda Gothic book scripts of medium quality, 9 4-line penwork initials in red and blue, 2 8-line elaborate penwork initials with extensions in 2 margins in red, blue, mauve and green, incorporating birds, 3 5-line illuminated initials in gold and colours, one with a green bird, another with a flying dove as symbol of the Holy Spirit in white and yellow.

Binding: Sweden, late 15th c., blindtooled leather on wooden boards, sewn on 3 thongs, brass corner pieces and clasps.

Provenance: 1. Franciscan monastery, probably Sweden (15th c.-); 2. Johan Axel Almquist, Stockholm (1870-1950); 3. F. Zisska & R. Kistner, München, Auktion 18/I, 8.10.1991:5.

Commentary: Possibly the only complete Scandinavian illuminated medieval MS in private hands.

See also MS 1577, Calendar, Sweden, ca. 1500

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MS 1585 MS 1585
  1. UPPLANDSLAGENS KYRKBALK
  2. KONUNG CHRISTOFFERS III LANDSLAG (1442)
  3. OLAI PETRI: DOMARE REGLOR
  4. SVERIKES GÅRDZ RETTER
  5. CALMAR RECESS
  6. KÜSTEN MÄLLAN SVERIGE OCH DANNEMARCK

MS in Swedish on paper, Sweden, first half of 16th c. (texts 1-2), additions 1569 (texts 3-6), 136 ff. (complete), 28x20 cm, single column, (23x15 cm), 25-30 lines in a calligraphic Swedish cursive, headings in Gothic book script of medium grade and quality, decorated initials throughout, usually in flourished red with brown penwork, 15 large 4- to 9-line initials in various designs, some in Armenian style, sometimes including dragons and faces, often in colours.

Binding: Sweden, 16th c., blindstamped calf of multiple roll-tooled panels, laid on later calf, sewn on 3 bands.

Context: Texts 1, 2, and 5 are also represented in MS 1586.

Provenance: 1. Rudolf Leffler, Göteborg (19th c.); 2. Hans Ludvig Forssell, Uppsala (1843-1901); 3. H. Ericson Stevens, Småland; 4. Mrs. Ericson, Stockholm (-1992); 5. Sotheby's 23.6.1992:65.

Commentary: C.J. Schlyter: Corpus Iuris Sveo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. XII, Lund 1869, p. 62, no. 122. The only law code MS in Swedish language in private hands from before the reformation.

See also MS 1568 Calendar. Sweden, 1540

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MS 1737 MS 1737
  1. OLAVUS PETRI: CHRONICON SVECIAE, EEN SWENSK CRÖNEKA (UP TO 1520)
  2. CHRISTIAN II'S AFFIRMATION AT HIS ACCESSION TO THE THRONE AT STOCKHOLM IN 1520

MS in Swedish on paper, Sweden, ca. 1600, 218 ff. (complete), 32x19 cm, single column, (28x13 cm), 35-41 lines in Swedish cursive script by 2 scribes.

Binding: Sweden, ca. 1600, brown calf, with blindstamped panels in renaissance design, sewn on 4 cords.

Provenance: 1. Björck & Börjesson, Stockholm, Cat. 536(1993):68.

Commentary: Olavus's original MS from ca. 1540-50 is lost. The present MS is Olavus's most noteworthy work, not only by its literary style, but also by the critical method surpassing that of any previous chronicler. The work was not published until 1818.

See also MS 2308, A. Boström: Lärobok för mindre practiserade Sjömän. Sweden, 1832-1835 (Link to 24.13.6)

See also MS 2309, Skeppsbyggeri. Sweden, ca. 1850

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MS 2125 MS 2125
  1. SELMA LAGERLÖF: LEGENDEN OM JULROSORNA, SHORT STORY
  2. SELMA LAGERLÖF: AUTOBIOGRAPHY UP TO 1927, PROOF WITH THE AUTHOR'S COMMENTS

MS and printed text (text 2) in Swedish and German (text 2) on paper, Fryken, Sweden, 1903-1921 and1927 (text 2), 17 pp., 36x23 cm, single column, (34x20 cm), 34 lines in cursive script, autograph, signed. Text 2: 24 ff.

Provenance: 1. Selma Lagerlöf, Fryken (-1927); 2. Buchdruckerei B. Heller, München (1927) (text 2); 3. Helga Kernsbak (1927) (text 2); 4. Bjørn Hansson, Oslo (-1995); 5. Arild and Morten Hansson, Oppegård and Hop, Norway.

Commentary: Selma Lagerlöf (1858-1940), Swedish author. She received the Nobel prize in 1909. This legend was published in one of her 3 collection of legends, 1904, 1908, or 1915-21 (2 vols.).

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18.3 Demnark & Greenland

See also MS 1697, Runic incantation formula, Denmark, 10th c.

See also MS 566/1, Petrus Lombardus, Norway (or Denmark?), 2nd half 12th c.

See also MS 1281, Cantorinus, Norway (or Denmark?), 15th c.

MS 5271

MS 5271
DIRK JACOBSZ TAYSES: HET JOURNAL EN DAGREGISTER VAN DIRK JACOBSZ TAYSES AVONTUURELYKE REYSE NA GROENLANDT GEDAAN MED TE SCHIP DEN DAM INT JAAR 1710

MS in Dutch on paper, Greenland, 1710, 22ff. incl. 10 blanks, 21x17 cm, single column (19x15 cm), 20-35 lines in cursive script, autograph.

 

Binding: Netherlands, 1710, marbled paper covers, sewn on 3 cords.

Provenance: 1. Captain Dirk Jacobsz Tayses, Netherlands (1710-); 2. G.J. Honig, Zaandijk, Netherlands; 3. Damms Antikvariat, Cat. 665 (Dec. 2004):577.

Commentary: Logbook of sailing ship, den Dam, during its whaling expedition to North East coast of Greenland, April- September 1710, from Belgica Bank at Jakelsbugten (78 degrees 30 min. N) as northernmost point, via Store Koldewey, Wollaston Forland, Shannon, Foster Bugt, Geographical Society Islands, Scoresby Sund, Volquart Boons Kyst, Blosseville Kyst and to Kap Gustav Holm at 66 degres 51 min. where the logbook breaks off, and the ship probably was abandoned after having passed through 7 storms, nearly being screwed down by the ice and grounded.

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MS 2240
LÆGE OG HEXEKUNSTER OG TROLDDOM (SVARTEBOG), INCLUDING CA. 360 RECIPES  

MS in Danish and Latin on paper, Denmark, 18th c., 74 ff. (-ca. 5), 16x10 cm, single column, (16x9 cm), 20-29 lines in Danish cursive script, runes, symbols, artificial script and formulas.

Binding: Denmark, 18th c., sheepskin with wrap around thong, sewn on 3 cords.

Provenance: 1. Sygehjem, Denmark (1896); 2. Politikens antikvariat, København.

MS 2240

MS 2240
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MS 2528

HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN: LILLE WILLIAM, POEM  

MS in Danish on paper, Denmark, 12 November 1868, 1 f., 12x19 cm, single column, (11x17 cm), 9 lines in cursive script, autograph, signed.

Provenance: 1. Hans Christian Andersen, Denmark (1868); 2. Israel Melchior, Denmark (1868-); 3. Bruun Rasmussen auktion 646, cat. 21.4.1998:1394.

Commentary: Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) Danish author, famous especially of his fairytales. Gift to the Melchiors on the occation of their son, William's death 8 November 1868. Melchior were Andersen's benefactor when he was young and poor.

MS 2528

See also MS 2256, Thit Jensen: Pigen, der gik ind i en bog. Denmark, ca. 1903

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MS 2126/1

MS 2126/1
GEORG BRANDES: RUSLAND 1910-1920. A. FØR KRIGEN. B. RUSLAND UNDER KRIGEN. C. REVOLUTIONEN. A REVIEW OF IVAN NASJIVIN: "RASPUTIN", A WORK IN 3 VOLS. IN GERMAN

MS in Danish on paper, København, Denmark, 1923, 49 pp., 21x18 cm, single column, (20x16 cm), 22 lines in cursive script, autograph, signed 3 times.

Provenance: 1. Georg Brandes, København, Denmark (1923-1927); 2. Bjørn Hansson, Oslo (-1995); 3. Arild and Morten Hansson, Oppegård and Hop, Norway.

Commentary: Georg Brandes (1842-1927), Danish author. Unpublished.

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18.4 Finland

MS 1922

MISSAL: TEMPORAL FOR THE 4th, 5th, 14th AND 15th SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY, OF DOMINICAN USE

MS in Latin on vellum, Finland, 1st half of 15th c., 2 ff., 56x31 cm, 2 columns, (32x24 cm), 33 lines in Gothic book script of high grade and quality, headings in red, square neumes on a 4-line red staff, 1-to-3-line initials in red, blue or brown.

Context: The cover of the first Swedish printed edition of any law text: "Uplands laghen", Stockholm, Andreas Gutterwitz, 1607.

Provenance: 1. Dominican Monastery in Åbo, Finland (1st half of 15th c. - ca. 1550); 2. Jörenn LarrSonn W., bailiff, Borgå province, Southern Finland (1607-); 3. Gustaf Bernström, Libris Auktioner, Kat. 1974:622; 4. Björck & Börjesson, Stockholm.

Commentary: Finnish medieval MSS are rarer than even Icelandic MSS. Sir Thomas Phillipps, who had the largest MS collection ever assembled, had several Icelandic MSS, but not a single Finnish MS. Most of the surviving examples are in Helsingfors Universitätsbibliotek, all in fragments. The present MS is the only example in private hands.

MS 1922
MS 1922
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18.5 Iceland

MS 2150/1 MS 2150/1
  1. BIBLE: DANIEL 13:28 - 47; 13:51 - 62, LECTIONARY
  2. BIBLE: JOHN 8:1 - 3, LECTIONARY

MS in Latin on vellum, Iceland, 13th c., 1 f., 19x19 cm, originally 24x19 cm, single column, (15x14 cm, originally 20x14 cm) 19 lines of originally 24 in Romanesque book script of high quality, 3-line initial in red and blue.

Context: The binding of MS 2150/2.

Provenance: 1. Torris Torrisson, Iceland (before 1550); 2. Gertrud Persdottir, Iceland (before 1550); 3. Embret Olssen Røhrs, Norway (ca. 1800); 4. Cappelens Antikvariat, Oslo (ca. 1980-1985); 5. Ulf Hansen, Hønefoss (1985-1996).

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MS 2527
  1. MORNING AND EVENING PSALMS FOR EACH OF THE WEEKDAYS. TRANSLATED FROM DANISH AND GERMAN BY MAGNUS JONSSON
  2. MORNING AND EVENING PSALMS AND VERSES
  3. SIGURDUR ASGEIRSSON: MORNING AND EVENING PSALMS
  4. MAGNUS JONSSON AND OTHERS: MORNING AND EVENING PSALMS
  5. SIGURDUR GISLASON: MORNING AND EVENING PSALMS
  6. EASTER PRAYERS
  7. PSALMS TO BE SUNG MORNINGS AND EVENINGS ALL WEEKS
MS 2527

MS in Icelandic on paper, Iceland, 1st half of 18th c., 144 ff. (-ca. 10), 15x10 cm, single column, (12x8 cm), 19-26 lines in Icelandic rotunda Gothic book script of medium quality and Icelandic cursive script, by several scribes.

Binding: Iceland, ca. 1700-1750, blindtooled vellum sewn on 3 cords.

Context: Texts 3 and 5 are known from MS copies in the National Library, Reykjavik. Text 7 is copied from a printed book known from an incomplete copy at the National Library (Islandica XIV, pp. 35-36).

Provenance: 1. Bruun Rasmussen auktion 646, cat. 21.4.1998:1412.

Commentary: Most of the texts 1-6 are unpublished.

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MS 2307/1 MS 2307/1
JOHANNES OLEAVI: THÆR STYKKRI VIKUBÆNIR (MORNING AND EVENING PRAYERS THROUGH THE WEEKDAYS), SELECTED BY THORDI THORLAKSSYNNI

MS in Icelandic on paper, Iceland, 1830, 13 ff. (-ca. 2), 16x10 cm, single column, (14x8 cm), 27-31 lines in Icelandic cursive script by Thordi Thorlakssynni, decorated titlepage.

Binding: Unbound, in a black cover.

Provenance: 1. Thordi Thorlakssynni, Skålholt, Iceland (1830-); Ragnar Fjalar Larson, Reykjavik, Iceland (-1996); 3. Damms Antikvariat, Oslo.

Commentary: Thordi Thorláksynni was bishop at Skålholt.

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MS 2767 MS 2767
MARIA RIJMUR; PRAYERS TO VIRGIN MARY AND EXCERPTS FROM THE PASSION, IN QUATRAINS

MS in Icelandic on blue paper, Steinaborg, Iceland, 1861, 50 ff. (complete), 17x10 cm, single column, (15x8 cm), 25-28 lines in a rounded book script by Sigmundi Pals Sini.

Binding: Iceland, ca. 1900-1920, vellum on boards gilt, sewn on 3 cords by H.G. Svensson.

Provenance: 1. Sigmund Palsson, Steinaborg, Iceland (1861-); 2. Ragnar Asgeirsson, Iceland; 3. Einar Munksgård, Norway; 4. Lynge & Søn, København, cat. 432(1999):492.

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MS 5054
MAGNUSI JÓNSSYN AF LANGUM Á TVI: AMBROSIUS OG ROSAMUNDA, REIMUR (POEM); KVEDNAR AF HALUGA; UPPSKRIFARAR AF BJARNAR BJARNASYNI A KOLLSVIK MS 5054

MS in Icelandic on paper, Kollsvik, Iceland, 1861, 35 ff. (complete), 16x10 cm, single column, (14x9 cm), 19-21 lines in Icelandic cursive script.

Binding: Iceland, 1861, quarter calf gilt marbled boards,, sewn on 3 cords.

Provenance: 1. Bjarnar Bjarnasyni, Kollsvik (1861); 2. Private collection, Denmark, MS 270 (-2001); 3. Bruun Rasmussens antikvariat, København, Auktion 701, 10.10.2001:441.

Commentary: Ambrosius and Rosamunda might be a version of the romance Elis saga ok Rosamunu built on the French poem Elis de St. Gilles, translated by Abbot Robert at the time of King Håkon Håkonson. Rosamund might again derive from The Fair Rosamond (1140-1176), a mistress of Henry II of England, as she was the subject of many legends and stories. The legend that she was poisoned by Queen Eleanor first appears in the French Chronicle of London in the 14th c.

MS 5054
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