13. Scribal Activity & Learning

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Created on: 08 September 2014

MS in Latin with several phrases in Greek on vellum, Abbey of St.-Germain d'Auxerre, Burgundy, France, 850-875, 109 ff. (complete), 24x18 cm, single column (19x13 cm) 21 lines in uncials and Carolingian minuscule with pre-Carolingian letter-forms by several scribes. 

Created on: 30 August 2013

Stylus in bronze, Norway, 9th-10th c., 1 stylus, 18 cm, bulbous finial diam. 1,5 cm formed by 4 curved bands leaving 4 openings in between, round flattened eraser on top.

Bronze Wax Tablet with Stylus & Eraser | MS 608
Created on: 30 August 2013

MS in Greek on wax, Cheikh Fadl, Egypt, ca. 600, 1 wooden wax tablet, lines in Greek cursive script, with the original writing stylus of bronze.

Steatite (Soapstone) Inkstand | MS  1987/10
Created on: 30 August 2013
Inkstand, green glazed steatite, Egypt, New Kingdom, ca. 1550-1069 BC, 1 inkstand, 6,0x3,5x1,8 cm, 2 holes for black and red ink, decoration of parallel lines at either end.
Created on: 30 August 2013

MS in Egyptian on wood, Egypt, 18th-19th dynasty, ca. 1550-1185 BC, wooden inkstand and pen-case, lines in Hieratic book script, 2 circular holes for black and red, with pen.

Aristotle's Ethics signed by Altadell | MS 111 (1)
Created on: 30 August 2013

MS in Latin on vellum, Napoli, Italy (or Catalonia, Spain), ca. 1458-1459 with later additions), 25-28 lines in a strong humanistic book script with many calligraphic flourishes by the Spanish scribe Gabriel Altadell; illustrattions by one of the artists who worked on the Hours of King Alfonso; arms of the Copons family of Catalonia.

Summa Casuum | MS 023
Created on: 29 August 2013
MS in Latin on vellum, Calabria, Italy, 1434 (text 3 ca. 1500), 37-45 lines in a small Gothic book script by Guilgemus Nicolai de Campis(text 1). Text 2 signed by Frater Franciscus Zena.
Scribal Jobs in the Royal Household | MS 1985
Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Catalan on paper and vellum, Aragon, Spain, 1412-1416, 38 lines in a rotunda Gothic book script, titles in Gothic book script, by the scribe Salvius Calsada.

Autograph & Self-Protrait of a Scribe | MS 1695
Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Egyptian on limestone flake, Deir-el-Medina, Western Thebes, Egypt, 19th or 20th dynasty, 1292-1069 BC, with the hieroglyph "sesh" in an expert script, sketch in rust-red of the standing scribe.

School Days Account | MS 4481
Created on: 29 August 2013
MS in Neo Sumerian on clay, Babylonia, ca. 19th c. BC, 1 tablet, 10,9x6,0x2,9 cm, single column, 39+6 lines in cuneiform script.
Created on: 29 August 2013
MS in archaic Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 31st c. BC, 1 tablet, 8,6x8,0x1,7 cm, 5 columns, 41+1 compartments in pictographic script by the scribe GAR.AMA.
Created on: 11 June 2013

This section of the online collection covers all aspects of scribal activity, job descriptions, signed colophons, scribal illustrations, and equipment such as reeds, styli, inkwells and wax tablets.