13. Scribal Activity & Learning

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This section of the online collection covers all aspects of scribal activity, job descriptions, signed colophons, scribal illustrations, and equipment such as reeds, styli, inkwells and wax tablets.

lexical-list-oldest-autograph-ms-2429-4
MS in archaic Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 31st c. BC, 1 tablet, 8,6x8,0x1,7 cm, 5 columns, 41+1 compartments in pictographic script by the scribe GAR.AMA.
School Days Account | MS 4481
MS in Neo Sumerian on clay, Babylonia, ca. 19th c. BC, 1 tablet, 10,9x6,0x2,9 cm, single column, 39+6 lines in cuneiform script.
CASSIODORUS: LIBER HUMANIARUM LITTERARUM | MS 1800 (1)

MS in Latin with several phrases in Greek on vellum, Abbey of St.-Germain d'Auxerre, Burgundy, France, 850-875, 109 ff. (complete), 24x18 cm, single column (19x13 cm) 21 lines in uncials and Carolingian minuscule with pre-Carolingian letter-forms by several scribes. 

Autograph & Self-Protrait of a Scribe | MS 1695

MS in Egyptian on limestone flake, Deir-el-Medina, Western Thebes, Egypt, 19th or 20th dynasty, 1292-1069 BC, with the hieroglyph "sesh" in an expert script, sketch in rust-red of the standing scribe.

Scribal Jobs in the Royal Household | MS 1985

MS in Catalan on paper and vellum, Aragon, Spain, 1412-1416, 38 lines in a rotunda Gothic book script, titles in Gothic book script, by the scribe Salvius Calsada.

Summa Casuum | MS 023
MS in Latin on vellum, Calabria, Italy, 1434 (text 3 ca. 1500), 37-45 lines in a small Gothic book script by Guilgemus Nicolai de Campis(text 1). Text 2 signed by Frater Franciscus Zena.
Aristotle's Ethics signed by Altadell | MS 111 (1)

MS in Latin on vellum, Napoli, Italy (or Catalonia, Spain), ca. 1458-1459 with later additions), 25-28 lines in a strong humanistic book script with many calligraphic flourishes by the Spanish scribe Gabriel Altadell; illustrattions by one of the artists who worked on the Hours of King Alfonso; arms of the Copons family of Catalonia.

inscribed-inkstand-pen-ms-1987-09

MS in Egyptian on wood, Egypt, 18th-19th dynasty, ca. 1550-1185 BC, wooden inkstand and pen-case, lines in Hieratic book script, 2 circular holes for black and red, with pen.