13. Scribal Activity & Learning

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This section of the online collection covers all aspects of scribal activity, job descriptions, signed colophons, scribal illustrations, and equipment such as reeds, styli, inkwells and wax tablets.

MS in archaic Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 31st c. BC, 1 tablet, 8,6x8,0x1,7 cm, 5 columns, 41+1 compartments in pictographic script by the scribe GAR.AMA.
School Days Account | MS 4481
MS in Neo Sumerian on clay, Babylonia, ca. 19th c. BC, 1 tablet, 10,9x6,0x2,9 cm, single column, 39+6 lines in cuneiform script.

MS in Latin with several phrases in Greek on vellum, Abbey of St.-Germain d'Auxerre, Burgundy, France, 850-875, 109 ff. (complete), 24x18 cm, single column (19x13 cm) 21 lines in uncials and Carolingian minuscule with pre-Carolingian letter-forms by several scribes. 

Autograph & Self-Protrait of a Scribe | MS 1695

MS in Egyptian on limestone flake, Deir-el-Medina, Western Thebes, Egypt, 19th or 20th dynasty, 1292-1069 BC, with the hieroglyph "sesh" in an expert script, sketch in rust-red of the standing scribe.

Scribal Jobs in the Royal Household | MS 1985

MS in Catalan on paper and vellum, Aragon, Spain, 1412-1416, 38 lines in a rotunda Gothic book script, titles in Gothic book script, by the scribe Salvius Calsada.

Summa Casuum | MS 023
MS in Latin on vellum, Calabria, Italy, 1434 (text 3 ca. 1500), 37-45 lines in a small Gothic book script by Guilgemus Nicolai de Campis(text 1). Text 2 signed by Frater Franciscus Zena.
Aristotle's Ethics signed by Altadell | MS 111 (1)

MS in Latin on vellum, Napoli, Italy (or Catalonia, Spain), ca. 1458-1459 with later additions), 25-28 lines in a strong humanistic book script with many calligraphic flourishes by the Spanish scribe Gabriel Altadell; illustrattions by one of the artists who worked on the Hours of King Alfonso; arms of the Copons family of Catalonia.


MS in Egyptian on wood, Egypt, 18th-19th dynasty, ca. 1550-1185 BC, wooden inkstand and pen-case, lines in Hieratic book script, 2 circular holes for black and red, with pen.