12. Dead Sea Scrolls

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Created on: 30 September 2014
MS in Hebrew on red-brown vellum, Jerusalem, 170-150 BC, 1 fragment of a scroll, 2,9x7,4 cm, (0,3x3,5 cm remaining), 1 line in a late archaic or early Hasmonean semiformal book script, last line of 1 column with 2,3 cm lower margin preserved.
Created on: 08 September 2014

MS in Hebrew on red-brown vellum, Jerusalem, 170-150 BC, 1 fragment of a scroll, 2,9x7,4 cm, (0,3x3,5 cm remaining), 1 line in a late archaic or early Hasmonean semiformal book script, last line of 1 column with 2,3 cm lower margin preserved. 

Created on: 29 August 2013
Pottery jar of cylindrical form (complete), Qumran, before 68 AD, flattening sharply at top and bottom, ring base, 3 handles or horizontal lugs with holes, lid now missing.
Created on: 29 August 2013

Linen cloth, Qumran, late 1st c. BC - 68 AD, in a fine weave with stains from the scroll, some tiny black gelatinised vellum fragments stitching with cord to fasten the wrapper around the scroll.

Created on: 29 August 2013
Bronze inkwell, Khirbet Qumran, before 68 AD, with 2 basket type handles, round corpus, with pedestal base, decoration of parallel incised lines around rim and around ink hole.
Created on: 29 August 2013

Stylus of palm leaf with natural ink groove, Qumran, late 1st c. BC - 68 AD, 8,6x0,9x0,5 cm, dried ink remaining on the tip.

Created on: 29 August 2013
MS in Hebrew on vellum, Qumran, late 1st c. BC - 68 AD, 12 fragments, from a scroll of 67 columns, 19 membranes, total length 9 m. Linen cloth from the wrapper sticking to most of the fragments.
Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Aramaic on vellum, Qumran, ca. 4 BC-68 AD, 3 fragments, in a Herodian Hebrew book script, from a scroll of 4 membranes. Further 2 pieces of contemporary vellum repair material.

Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Hebrew on dark brown leather, Qumran, 30 BC-68 AD, fragment of a scroll, 8 lines in a fine regular Herodian Hebrew book script, upper edge preserved 3,6 cm.

Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Hebrew on brown leather, Qumran, ca. 80-30 BC, 1 fragment from a scroll, 3,0x8,5 cm remaining, part of 1 column, (3,0x8,5 cm), 4 lines in a good Herodian Hebrew book script.

Created on: 29 August 2013

MS in Hebrew on vellum, Qumran, ca. 150-125 BC, 24 uninscribed fragments, largest 2,8x1,1 cm, from a scroll of 17 membranes, 26x734 cm, 54 columns, 28-32 lines.

Created on: 29 August 2013

This collection includes 115 Dead Sea Scrolls fragments plus artefacts from the Essene community that hid this important Jewish library from Roman soldiers in AD 68. The fragments were among those found by the Bedouin in cave 1 in Qumran in late 1946, Cave 4 in 1952, and cave 11 in 1956, and subsequently sold to the dealer Kando in Bethlehem. They were unknown to the scholarly community until they became part of The Schøyen Collection.