4.1 Early Writing

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Created on: 30 September 2014

 MS in Indus Valley language on white steatite, Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Civilization, ca. 2500-1800 BC

Created on: 06 June 2013
MS in Greek on copper, Cyprus, ca. 800 BC, 2 tablets, 21x13 cm, single column, (19x10 cm), 20-23 lines in archaic Greek capitals with some North Semitic (Phoenician) letter forms by 2 or more scribes.
Created on: 06 June 2013
MS in Ugaritic on clay, Ras Shamra, Ugarit, Syria, 13th c. BC, 1 tablet, 10,3x8,5x2,0 cm, single column, 10+11+3 lines in alphabetic cuneiform script.
Created on: 06 June 2013
MS in Canaanite West Semitic on bronze, Israel/Palestine/Lebanon, 18-17c BC, 1 axe, 1 line with 3 letters in Proto-Sinaitic/Proto-Canaanite script.
Created on: 04 June 2013

MS in Valdivian on grey limestone, Ecuador, 3500-1500 BC, central rectangular panel surrounded by double lines, crossed by diagonal parallelograms of double lines, filled with drilled holes, slightly curved corners.

Created on: 04 June 2013
MS in Minoan on clay, Knossos, Crete, 16th c. BC, 1 black roundel, 3,0x2,7 cm, 4 characters of late Minoan I Linear A script, 2 impressions (1,6x1,0 cm) on opposite edges by an amygdaloid seal with head of papyrus plant.
Created on: 04 June 2013

MS in an unknown pre Indo-European language on bone, Narbonne, France, ca. 4000-3800 BC, 4 lines with 5 different numbers consisting of single strokes, ca 16 pictographs and signs, paper label pasted.

Created on: 04 June 2013

MS in an unknown pre Indo-European language on stag bone, Bancal de la Coruna, Spain, ca. 4000-3800 BC, 1 line with 6 Ibero-Tartessian signs, paper label pasted on the back with 3 lines of cursive script.

Created on: 04 June 2013
MS in Chinese on oxen scapula bone, Xiaotun, China, 14th-12th c. BC, 1 bone, 11x7 cm, (6x6 cm), 4+2 lines in Chinese book script, prepared and cracked with burned marks on reverse.
Created on: 04 June 2013
MS in Chinese on red earthenware, Ganshu, China, ca. 2200-1800 BC, funeral urn, near spherical corpus with vertical ringlugs at the middle, tapering to a base, decorations in dark brown and light violet.
Created on: 04 June 2013
MS in archaic Egyptian on clay, possibly Abydos, Upper Egypt, 3007-2975 BC, 1 cylindrical jar, 7 hieroglyphs, including the cartouche of Aha surmounted by a falcon denoting the royal title "Horus", and "Shema" for Upper Egypt.
Created on: 04 June 2013
MS in archaic Egyptian on clay, Egypt, Nagada II period, 3500-3100 BC, 1 black top jar, diam. 13-6 cm, h. 28 cm, (7x18 cm), 1 line of 2 large protohieroglyphs incised in the clay.