Music Notation

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Earliest Know Music Document | MS 2340
MS in Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 26th c. BC, upper half of a huge tablet + fragment of lower part, about 100 lines remaining in cuneiform script, circular depressions introducing each new entry.

MS in Neo Sumerian on clay, Babylonia, 1900-1700 BC, 1 tablet, 6,5x4,4x2,0 cm, single column, 13 lines in cuneiform script.

Oldest Known Music Notation | MS 5105

MS in Old Babylonian on clay, Babylonia, 2000-1700 BC, 1 lenticular tablet, 2 double columns, each of 7 ruled lines with numbers in Old Babylonian cuneiform tablature notation, with headings, "intonation" and "incantation", respectively.

Dramatic Aria | MS 2260
MS in Greek on papyrus, Egypt, ca. 300, 3 lines in Greek semi-cursive book script, above the text 4 lines in Greek vocal musical notation in the diatonic Hyperionian scale, including the diseme, stigme and hyphen.
Ecophonetic Bible | MS 2033

MS in Greek on vellum, Greece, ca. 1100, 25 lines in Greek minuscule, heading and small capitals, 19 large decorated initials, including hands pointing, blessing, holding scrolls, with birds, dragons, flowers and a fish, ecphonetic notation.

Hymns for the Feat of St George | MS 1979/07

MS in Greek on vellum, Greece or Sicilia, 13th c.(?), 1 f., 32x23 cm, single column, (25x17 cm), 21 lines in Greek minuscule, staffless Byzantine notation, 3 initials including a fish.

Treatise on Byzantine Musical Notation | MS 1897 (1)

MS in Greek on paper, Serbia, 18th c., 18 lines in a late Greek minuscule, headings in red, staffless Byzantine notation with pitch marks in red, 2-to-4-line decorated initials in margins, a half-page circular design of the 8 musical modes.

Staffless Neumes | MS 096

MS in Latin on vellum, France, late 9th c., 1 f., 18x15 cm, single column, (13x10 cm), 13 lines in a small Carolingian minuscule with Metz linear staffless neumes, initials in red.


MS in Latin on vellum, France (or Germany?), ca. 950, 1 partial f., 9x12 cm, 1 of 2 columns, (9x11 cm remaining, column width 11 cm), 9 lines in an upright square Carolingian minuscule in 2 sizes, 6 lines of diastematic (heightened) staffless Metz neumes, liturgical headings in red.