12 MINOR PROPHETS DEAD SEA SCROLL

MS 4612/1
MS Short Title 12 MINOR PROPHETS DEAD SEA SCROLL
Text BIBLE: JOEL 4:1 - 4
Description MS in Hebrew on dark brown leather, Qumran, 50-68 AD, fragment of a scroll, 10x7 cm, part of 1 column, (6,5x5,4 cm), 8 lines in a fine regular Herodian Hebrew book script, upper edge preserved 3,6 cm.
Provenance 1. Community of the Essenes, Qumran (50-68 AD); 2. Qumran Cave 4 (68-1952); 3. Khalil Iskander Shahin ("Kando"), Bethlehem (1952-1956); 4. Private collection, Switzerland (1956-1995).
Commentary This is a unique, new scroll, not belonging to any other Joel scrolls. The text is wholly or partly preserved on the following Dead Sea Scrolls: Joel 4:1 - 16: MurXII (DJD II:88) undated, Joel 4:4 - 9: 4QXIIg (DJD XV:82), 30-1 BC, Joel 4:1 - 2: Septuagint 8HevXIIgr (DJD VIII) late 1st c. BC. The present Joel 4:3 will be the 2nd earliest witness to the text if MurXII has an earlier date, but will be the earliest witness, if MurXII has a later date. The leather is so darkened that the text can only be read via infrared photography.
See also MS 2713, The Joshua Dead Sea Scroll, Qumran, late 1st c. BC - early 1st AD
MS 1926/4, The Daniel B Dead Sea Scroll, Qumran, 4 BC-68 AD
Place of origin Qumran
Dates 50- 68 AD

Location